The psychology of non-traditional religious beliefs
A series of related studies has sought to examine the prevalence, and socio-psychological correlates, of non-traditional religious beliefs. The research team have examined issues of superstitious beliefs, belief in luck, paranormal belief, and belief in supercreatures. Further, the research team have also examined how these beliefs are related to personality, to psychological wellbeing, and attitude toward theistic beliefs. Future work seeks to extend the research area by further developing measures of non-traditional religious beliefs, and seeks to explore the area in an international perspective.
Williams, E., Francis L.J. & Robbins, M. (2011). Implicit religion and the quest for meaning. Implicit Religion, 14, 45-65.
Williams, E. (2011). The relationship between rejection of Christianity and belief in non-traditional religious beliefs among adolescents in Wales. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 26, 261-268.
Robbins, M., Francis, L.J., & Williams, E. (2010). Conventional Christian belief and unconventional paranormal belief among teenagers in Northern Ireland: A personality and individual differences approach. Irish Journal of Psychology, 31, 87-94.
Williams, E., Francis L.J. & Billington, U. (2010). The Williams Scale of Attitude toward Paganism: development and application among British pagans. Archive of the Psychology of Religion, 32, 179-193.
Williams, E., Francis L.J. & Robbins, M. (2010). Personality, conventional Christian belief and unconventional paranormal belief: a study among teenagers. British Journal of Religious Education, 32, 31-39.
Williams, E., Francis L.J. & Billington, U. (2009). Neuroticism and intensity of religious affect among practising British pagans. Pomegranate: the international journal of Pagan Studies, 11, 223-239.
Williams, E., Francis, L.J., & Lewis, C.A. (2009). Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing between classic paranormal beliefs, religious paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity among undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 31, 345-356.
Francis, L.J., Williams E. & Robbins, M. (2009). Christianity, paranormal belief and personality: a study among 13- to 16-year-old pupils in England and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 31, 337-344.
Williams, E., Francis, L.J., Astley, J. & Robbins, M. (2009). The relationship between paranormal beliefs and attitude towards theistic beliefs. Journal for the Society of Psychical Research, 73, 33-40.
Francis, L.J. & Williams, E. (2009). Contacting the spirits of the dead: paranormal belief and the teenage worldview. Journal of Research on Christian Education, 18, 20-35.
Francis, L.J. & Williams, E (2009). Alternative spiritualities: different personalities? An empirical enquiry among 14- to 16-year-old students. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 20, 69-84.
Francis, L.J., Williams, E. & Robbins, M. (2008). Church attendance, implicit religion and belief in luck: the relationship between conventional religiosity and alternative spirituality among adolescents. Implicit Religion, 11, 239-254.